As he hadnt read Genesis, he defiantly (through such ignorance) proclaimed that the earth was a globe revolving around the sun or central fire, and had inhabitable Antipodes, — heathen notions which got several Christian gentlemen into more or less trouble some 2000 years later. He speculated on eclipses as natural phenomena rather than special dispensations of pdf Providence; he disputed Moses on geology by claiming that the earth-surface hadnt always been just so, but that the sea had once been land, the land sea; that islands had once formed parts. the laughing Philosopher, the most learned thinker of his day and renowned for all the moral virtues; he wrote some 72 books on physics, mathematics, ethics, grammar; totally unlearned in Bible science, he scouted the idea of Design in Nature, declaring it lapped in universal. He left an immortal mark on the world of knowledge by his elaborated theory of atoms, or constituents of matter too small to be cut or divided; boldly and logically he applied this theory to the gods themselves, holding that they were mere aggregates. Modern chemistry, the most universal and useful of the sciences, is founded on modifications of the atomic theory of Democritus. C.) is known as the father of Medicine. He was the first physician to differentiate diseases, and to ascribe them to different causes, on the basis of accurate observation and common sense.
Astronomy was born with Thales 640-546. C., the essay first of the seven Sages of Greece. Utterly ignorant of the divine handiwork of the six days, and of universal creation out of universal Nothing, and not having travelled enough to verify the four corners of the flat earth, guarded by the four Angels of the corners, guardians of the four Winds. C., and discovered the solstices and Equinoxes; he calculated so nearly the solar revolutions, that he corrected the calendar and divided the year into 365 days, which it still has; he taught the Egyptians to measure the height of the pyramids by triangulation from the. like his master ignorant of Mosaic astronomy, discovered and taught the obliquity of the ecliptic, due to the erratic behavior of the equator of the earth in swinging round the sun; he approximated the sizes and distances of the planets — not all set. Pythagoras of Samos (c. was a universal genius; he coined the word philosopher, according to cicero; made discoveries in music, which he conceived as a science based on mathematical principles, and fancied the music of the spheres.
Statesmen and military leaders unknown to hebrew History, yet whose names are immortal, led the pagan Greeks to greatness and glory: Themistocles, pericles, Aristides the just, lycurgus, miltiades, leonidas, Alexander the Great, who conquered the god-led Jews. Poor heathen orators, who never heard Jehovah speak from Sinai, nor the Christ on the mount, — their supreme eloquence has echoed down the ages: Demosthenes, democrates, schines, lysias, Isocrates. Literature and the Theatre were born in Pagan Greece; the Classics of Pagan thought and dramatic majesty came from the minds and pens of uninspired heathen who knew no line of the inspired Law and Prophets of the hebrews, made semi-intelligible and sonorous only. For poetry: Homer, hesiod, pindar, Anacreon, Theocritus, the burning Sappho; for drama: schylus, sophocles, euripides, Aristophanes, besides the historians and orators named, the delightful old sop, the philosophers and scholars yet to name. The drama, tragedy, comedy, the chorus, melodrama; the epic, the ode, the lyric, the elegy, poetic form and measure, the very words for all these things, pure pagan Greek. Philosophy — the love of Wisdom — the highest reach of the uninspired human intellect into the mysteries, not of faith and godliness, but of mind and soul, in search of the first principles of being, — the ousia of the on, and for the. John worked up into the creative word of God for Christian consumption. Science, supremest handmaid of civilization, the true god of this world, its splendid dawn was in Pagan Greece, unshackled by genesis and divine mosaic revelation. Here Greek thought, undeterred by priestly ban and unafrighted by popish Inquisition, sought to fathom the secrets of Creation and of Nature, to explain the riddle of the Universe, to make the forces of Nature the obedient servitors of Man.
On Chomsky and the, two cultures of Statistical learning
We will come to the writing Christians anon. Though, thus, the sun of Righteousness did not illumine the revelationless skies of Greek culture, the most splendrous stars of intellect and soul which ever — (before for the Star of Bethlehem arose) shone down the vistas of Time, blazed in its zenith. The name of every star in that Pagan Greek galaxy is known to every intelligent person throughout Christendom today; the light from these or those of them illuminates every page and every phase of Art, literature and Science known today to the inestimable glory. The living germ of some, the unsurpassed perfection of others, is the product of the intellect and the soul of the poor Pagan Greeks who had no divine revelation and were bereft of the priceless benefit of Clergy as a teaching institution. Let us gaze for a moment as through the telescope of Time and scan the brilliant luminaries of the heavens of Pagan Greek genius, undimmed then by the light of the Cross. Beginning with those who were about contemporary in their appearance with post-exilic Hebrew revelation, say about 600. C., we will name only those immortally known to every high school student, skipping among the galaxies down to the time, about 400.
D., when they were for a thousand years eclipsed by the light of the Cross shining in the dark Ages of Christian faith. The pagan Greeks, unfamiliar with the hebrew revelation of the divine right of Kings — (anointed by priests) — to rule mankind, invented Democracy, the right of the people to rule themselves, a heresy recognized in the declaration as a self-evident proposition, that all just. News about Moses and his divine laws not having penetrated into pagan Greece, a scheme of purely human codes for human conduct was devised by the heathen Lawgivers, Draco, solon, lycurgus. The revealed Mosaic History of the hebrews not being available as a model, the poor Pagan Greeks had to make shift with Herodotus, father of History, thucydides, xenophon, Strabo, plutarch, pausanius, polybius, Claudius Ptolemy, dion Cassius. The god-drafted plans of the tabernacle in the wilderness and of Solomons Temple not being at hand to imitate, uninspired Greeks planned and built the parthenon, the Erechtheum, the Prophyl a, the temple of diana of Ephesus, the temple of Apollo at Corinth, the serapion. The summit of human art in sculpture was reached in Pagan Greece, the Apollo belvidere, the venus de milo, the winged Victory, the laocoon, the friezes of the parthenon; consummate masters of the Old Masters were the pagans Phidias, Praxiteles, callimachus, Scopas, polyclitus, with the.
The essential weakness of their moral education was the failure to provide any adequate sanction —. G., the fear of Hell and damnation for the principles they formulated and the counsels they gave their youth. The practice of religion, whether in public services or in household worship, exercised but little influence upon the formation of character. As to the future life, the Greeks believed in the immortality of the soul; but this belief had little or no practical significance as to them, virtue was its own reward. Thus the motive for virtuous action was found, not in respect for. Divine law nor in the hope of eternal reward, but simply in the desire to temper in due proportion the elements of human nature.
Virtue is not self-possession for the sake of duty, but, as Plato says, a kind of health and good habit of the soul, while vice is a disease and deformity and sickness. The just man will so regulate his own character as to be on good terms with himself, and to set those three principles (reason, passion, and desire) in tune together, as if they were verily three chords of a harmony, a higher, a lower, and. This conception of virtue as a self-balancing was closely bound up with that idea of personal worth which has already been mentioned as the central element in Greek life and education. The aim of education, therefore, is to develop knowledge of the good. Saving their depraved want of respect for divine law (proclaimed by priests and their woeful neglect to provide adequate sanction of bribe of heaven and threat of Hell (priest-devised for inducement to their Nature-harmonized character, the godless. Greeks did fairly well in developing the knowledge of the good and attaining the most exalted ideal — outside of Jewish-Christian revelation — to be found among mankind, of personal and civic virtue, due alone to their high idea of personal worth, rather than. But then, god in his inscrutable. Wisdom had withheld his precious revelation of Total Depravity from the Greeks, — knowing, probably, that they did not need it, and had bestowed it only on the obscure tribe of barbarian polygamous Hebrews, who eminently fitted the revelation. So it was not the Greeks fault that they were no worse off, without the revelation, than were the jews with.
Orwell: Politics and the English
Learn More, essays sign Up Now. The Glory That Was Greece Essay, research Paper. The education of the Greeks exhibits a progressive development. The ideal of Athenian education was the completely developed man. Beauty of mind and body, the cultivation of every inborn faculty and energy, harmony between thought and life, decorum, temperance, and regularity such were the results aimed at in essay the home and in the school, in social intercourse, and in civic relations. We are lovers of the beautiful, said. Pericles, yet simple in our tastes, and we cultivate the mind without loss of manliness (Thucydides, ii, 40). The Greeks indeed laid stress on courage, temperance, and obedience to law; and if their theoretical disquisitions — or those of the Christians, for that matter — could be taken as fair accounts of their actual practice, it would be difficult to find, among the.
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