51 geography and twist climate a view of Thevara from Kundannur bridge geography main article: geography of Kochi kochi is located on the southwest coast of India at 958N 7613E /.967N.217E /.967;.217, with a corporation limit area.88 km2 (36.63 sq mi). 52 over the years, the city has expanded considerably outside the corporation limit set in 1967, although the official city limits hasn't yet been increased. 53 54 The city straddles the backwaters, encompassing the northern end of a peninsula, several islands and a portion of the mainland. To the west lies the laccadive sea, and to the east is the urbanised region in the rest of the mainland area. Much of Kochi lies at sea level, with a coastline of 48 km. 32 The current metropolitan limits of Kochi include the mainland Ernakulam, fort Kochi, the suburbs of Edapally, kalamassery and kakkanad to the northeast; Tripunithura to the southeast; and a group of islands closely scattered in the vembanad lake. The state government and the gcda have plans to include mala and Kodungallur in Thrissur district, Angamaly, perumbavoor, piravom and Kolenchery in Ernakulam district, Thalayolaparambu and vaikom in Kottayam and Cherthala in Alappuzha district within Kochi metropolitan limits.
On 1 november 1967, exactly eleven years since the establishment of the state of Kerala, the kochi municipal Corporation came into existence. The merger leading to the establishment of the corporation, was between the municipalities of Ernakulam, mattancherry and Fort Kochi, along for with that of the willingdon Island, four panchayats ( Palluruthy, vennala, vyttila and Edappally and the small islands of Gundu and Ramanthuruth. 50 Kochi and Ernakulam district formed on carving areas of erstwhile Travancore-kochi-malabar kingdoms. Major portion of the district is from the kochi kingdom. 3 The city's economic growth gathered momentum after economic reforms in India introduced by the central government in the early-1990s. Since 2000, the service sector has energised the city's economy. The establishment of several industrial parks based on it and other port based infrastructure triggered a construction and realty boom in the city. Over the years, kochi has witnessed rapid commercialisation, and has today grown into the commercial hub of Kerala.
In a span of 21 years, he transformed Kochi as one of the safest harbours in the peninsula, where ships berthed alongside the newly reclaimed inner harbour equipped with a long array of steam cranes. 48 In 1947, when India gained independence from the British colonial rule, cochin was the first princely state to join the Indian Union willingly. 32 In 1949, Travancore-cochin state came into being with the merger of Cochin and Travancore. The king of Travancore was the rajpramukh of the Travancore-cochin Union from 1949 to 1956. Travancore-cochin, was in turn merged with the malabar district of the madras State. Finally, the government of India 's States reorganisation Act (1956) inaugurated a new state—kerala—incorporating Travancore-cochin (excluding the four southern Taluks which were merged with Tamil Nadu malabar District, and the taluk of Kasargod, south Kanara. 49 On the mattancherry council passed a resolution—which was forwarded to the government—requesting the formation of a municipal corporation by combining the existing municipalities of Fort Kochi, mattancherry, and Ernakulam. The government appointed a commission to study the feasibility of the suggested merger. Based on its report, the kerala legislative assembly approved the corporation's formation.
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However, there are evidences of English habitation in the region even before the signing of the treaty. 42 In 1866, fort Kochi municipality was reinstalled and its first Municipal council seating contest was conducted in 1883. Rama varma xv, the maharaja of Cochin, initiated local administration by forming town councils in Mattancherry and Ernakulam. In 1907, the governor of the madras voluntary Presidency, sir Arthur Lawley and his brother, beilby lawley, 3rd Baron Wenlock, governor of Madras, 1891 to 1896, left for an official tour of Cochin and Travancore, which lasted from 25 January to 14 February. On 26 January, they were met by his Highness the rajah of Cochin who gave a state dinner in their honour at Ernakulam. S, the capital of Kochi kingdom was relocated again to kochi suburb of Tripunithura.
In 1910, Ernakulam became the administrative capital of Kochi kingdom with establishment of royal Secretariat and State durbar. The Offices of Diwan and High court were soon moved into Ernakulam. 47 In 1925, kochi legislative assembly was constituted due to public pressure on the state. Towards the early 20th century, trade at the port had increased substantially, and the need to develop the port was greatly felt. Harbour engineer Robert Bristow was brought to kochi in 1920 under the direction of Lord Willingdon, then the governor of Madras.
32 The reign of the kingdom was hereditary, and the family that ruled over the region was known as the perumpadappu Swaroopam in the local vernacular. Portuguese navigator, pedro Álvares Cabral founded the first European settlement in India at Kochi in 1500. to 1663, fort Kochi ( Fort Emmanuel ) was ruled by portugal. This Portuguese period was a harrowing time for the saint Thomas Christians and the jews, as the Inquisition was active in Portuguese India. Kochi hosted the grave of Vasco da gama, the first European explorer to set sail for India, who was buried.
Francis Church until his remains were returned to portugal in 1539. 40 The portuguese rule was followed by that of the dutch who renamed Fort Immanuel as Fort Stormsburg. In meantime, the royal Family of Kochi relocated the capital of Kochi kingdom to Thrissur, leaving nominal authority over Islands of Kochi. In 1664, fort Kochi municipality was established by dutch, making it the first municipality in Indian subcontinent, which got dissolved when Dutch authority got weaker in the 18th century. The remaining part of Kochi were governed by governors of Kochi kingdom. By 1773, the mysore ruler Hyder Ali extended his conquest in the malabar region to kochi forcing it to become a tributary of Mysore. The hereditary Prime ministership of Kochi held by the paliath Achans ended during this period. 41 meanwhile, the dutch, fearing an outbreak of war on the United Provinces, signed the Anglo-dutch Treaty of 1814 with the United Kingdom, under which Kochi was ceded to the United Kingdom in exchange for the island of Bangka.
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33 After the arrival of the portuguese, and later the British, the name cochin stuck as the official appellation. The city reverted to a closer transliteration of its original Malayalam name, kochi, in 1996. This change in name was challenged by the city municipal corporation but court later dismissed the plea. 34 History main article: History of Kochi see also: Kingdom of Cochin Kochi was the centre of Indian spice trade for many centuries, and was known to the yavanas ( Greeks and Romans ) as well as Jews, syrians, Arabs, and Chinese since ancient times. 35 It rose to significance as a trading centre after the port essay muziris around Kodungallur (Cranganore) was destroyed by massive flooding of Periyar in 1341. 36 The earliest documented references to kochi occur in books written by Chinese voyager ma huan during his visit to kochi in the 15th century as part of Admiral Zheng he 's treasure fleet. 37 There are also references to kochi in accounts written by Italian traveller Niccolò da conti, who visited Kochi in 1440. 38 According to many historians, the precursor state to kingdom of Kochi came into existence in the early 12th century, after the fall of the Chera kingdom.
Kochi is also home business for the cochin Stock Exchange, international Pepper Exchange, companies like hmt, cyber City, kinfra hi-tech Park, chemical companies like the fact, tcc, irel, petronet lng, merchem, hocl 27 and Kochi refineries, electrical companies like telk, 28 and industrial parks like the. Kochi is home for the high court of Kerala and lakshadweep, naval physical and oceanographic laboratory (npol indian Maritime University, sree sankara sanskrit University and the cochin University of Science and Technology. Kochi is also home to kerala's National Law School, the national University of Advanced Legal Studies. Kochi has been hosting India's first art biennale, the kochi-muziris biennale, since 2012, which attracts international artists and tourists. 29 Contents Etymology Ancient travellers and tradesmen referred to kochi, variously alluding to it as Cocym, cochym, cochin, and Kochi. 30 The cochin Jewish community called Cochin as Kogin which is seen in the seal of the synagogue 31 owned by the community. The origin of the name "Kochi" is thought to be from the malayalam word kochu azhi, meaning 'small lagoon'. Yet another theory is that Kochi is derived from the word Kaci, meaning "harbour". 32 Accounts by Italian explorers Nicolo conti (15th century and Fra paoline in the 17th century say that it was called Kochchi, named after the river connecting the backwaters to the sea.
and the British, with the kingdom of Cochin becoming a princely state. Kochi ranks first in the total number of international and domestic tourist arrivals in Kerala. 13 14 Kochi has been ranked the sixth best tourist destination in India according to a survey conducted by the nielsen Company on behalf of the outlook traveller magazine. 15 Kochi was one of the 28 Indian cities among the emerging 440 global cities that will contribute 50 of the world gdp by the year 2025, in a 2011 study done by the McKinsey global Institute. 16 Kochi is known as the financial, 17 18 commercial 19 20 and industrial 21 22 capital of Kerala. It is the home to southern naval Command of the Indian navy and the state headquarters 23 24 of the Indian coast guard with an attached air squadron, named Air Squadron 747. 25 Commercial maritime facilities of the city include the port of Kochi, an International Container Transshipment Terminal, the cochin Shipyard, offshore spm of the bpcl kochi refinery 26 and the kochi marina.
The city has a corporation limit population of 612,343, 8 and a metropolitan population.1 million, making it the largest urban agglomeration in Kerala. Kochi city is also part of the. Greater Cochin region 9 10 and is classified as a tier-ii city by the government of India. The wallpaper civic body that governs the city is the. Kochi municipal Corporation, which was constituted in the year 1967, and the statutory bodies that oversee its development are the. Greater Cochin development Authority 11 (gcda) and the, goshree islands development Authority (gida). 12, called the queen of the Arabian sea, kochi was an important spice trading centre on the west coast of India from the 14th century onward, and maintained a trade network with Arab merchants from the pre-Islamic era.
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This article is about the city in India. For the city in Japan, see. For other uses, see, kochi world (disambiguation). For other uses, see. Metropolis in Kerala, india, kochi ( kotʃi ( listen also known as, cochin ( /koʊtʃɪn/. Koh-chin is a major port city on the south-west coast. India bordering the, laccadive sea. It is part of the district of Ernakulam in the state of, kerala and is often referred.