They would try to pdf block the congress from electing either Jefferson or Burr as president. Then they would try to find a way to put executive power in the hands of a federalist. If that plan failed, they were prepared to elect Burr. The federalists tried to make people believe that Burr was working with them, against Jefferson. In a letter to jefferson, burr wrote: "Every republican wants you to be president of the United States. Every good Republican wants to serve under you. I would be happy and honored to be your vice president. And, if you believe i could help you better in some other position, i would.". On February eleventh, the house of Representatives began to count votes, state by state.
But Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr each had seventy-three votes. So, under the report constitution, the house of Representatives would choose between Jefferson or Burr - the candidates with the highest number of votes. Each congressman could vote. But each state had just one vote. That vote would go to the candidate supported by a majority of congressmen from the state. A candidate had to receive a majority of the state votes to win. In 1800, that was nine of the 16 states. The federalists saw the situation as their last chance to control the presidency. They had two plans.
A street called Pennsylvania avenue went from the president's house to the capitol building where congress would meet. On each side of the street - where buildings stand today - there were fields of mud. This was the new federal city, the new capital of the United States. This was where the winner of the presidential election of 1800 would begin his term of office. George washington won America's first two presidential elections without opposition. John Adams won the third presidential election by three votes. This time, in 1800, there was no clear winner. When the electors' votes were counted, President Adams had sixty-five votes.
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Burr is a man without honesty and character. He will destroy america.". The president elected in 1800 would govern in a new capital city. The national government would move from Philadelphia to washington, a newly built city in the district of Columbia. It was on the potomac river between the states of Maryland and Virginia. When President Adams and his wife Abigail arrived in Washington,. C., they found a frontier town.
There were few houses or streets. Adams could not believe what she saw. She wrote to her daughter: "This is a city only because we call it a city. Our house here is very big. But the rooms life are not finished. There is almost no furniture. There are not enough lamps for light.".
By the summer of 1800, Thomas Jefferson's Republican Party had strong leaders in every state. It had many newspapers to express party ideas. Jefferson decided to take a holiday at Monticello, his farm in Virginia. The republican Party leader in New York was a lawyer, aaron Burr. Burr had served as an officer under General george washington during America's war for independence from Britain. After the war, he joined the federalist Party and was elected to the United States Senate.
Later, he changed parties and became a republican. In 1800, a group of both Federalists and Republicans supported him as a candidate for president. Aaron Burr and Alexander Hamilton were bitter enemies. When Hamilton learned of a plan by his own party to elect Burr president, instead of Jefferson, his reaction was quick and sharp. "Anybody he said, "even Thomas Jefferson, is better than Aaron Burr. Jefferson is not dangerous. Jefferson's ideas of government are wrong. But at least he is an honest man.
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Federalist leaders knew this. So, they wanted Congress to approve the committee, but keep the measure secret until after the election. The federalists held a majority of seats in the senate. And the senate voted to approve the proposal. But some federalist members of the house of Representatives denounced. They made many changes in the proposal. The senate refused to accept hazlitt the changes. Without agreement by both houses of Congress, the bill died. Federalist leaders saw their hopes for an election victory begin to disappear.
control over the legislatures' decisions. They wanted Congress to create a special committee to rule if an elector had - or did not have - the right to vote. The committee could say if an elector's vote should be counted or thrown away. The committee would have six members from the senate and six members from the house of Representatives. The thirteenth member would be the chief justice of the United States. Creating such a committee violated the constitution.
I would rather be a minister to europe under Jefferson than to be a president controlled by hamilton.". Hamilton did not like adams. He did everything he could to block Adams from becoming president again. He gave his support to another Federalist candidate, charles Cotesworth Pinckney of south Carolina. Under the electoral system of that time, the candidate with the most votes became president. The candidate with the second highest essay number of votes became vice president. A federalist victory in the election of 1800 would not be easy.
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Org/voa/history, download MP3 (Right-click or option-click the link. The making oation an American history series in voa special English. The presidential election of 1800 is our subject this week. The candidates included President John Adams of the federalist Party and Vice President Thomas Jefferson of the republican Party. Here with our story are Frank Oliver and Shep oneal. As president, john Adams was head of the federalist Party. But the power of that position belonged, in fact, to former treasury secretary Alexander Hamilton. For this and other reasons, Adams did not like hamilton. He said: "Thomas Jefferson will be a good president, if elected.